It’s Wise To Boost Your Natural Immunity With Healthy Foods Such As Ginger (Zingiber officinale)


The botanical name for ginger is Zingiber officinale. It is widely used for its roots or rhizome. Ginger roots are used as a spice in everyday cooking in Indian curries, masala chai tea, and has also been used to a great extent in ancient Indian medicinal system of Ayurveda. Ginger roots have been used throughout Asia as a spice or aroma ingredient, such as, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, and China.

Although ginger is grown in many countries around the globe, India is the largest producer of ginger in the world and stays in seventh position in its worldwide export. The reasons being India’s warm and humid climate, wide use in everyday cooking and chai tea, and its demand for Ayurveda medicines.


Nutritional information of Ginger


Summary of Health Benefits of Ginger (Zingiber officinale)

Ginger has numerous health benefits due to its phenolic compounds gingerols and shogaols.

  • – Boosts Immunity
  • – Anti-inflammatory Agent
  • – Anti-oxidant Agent
  • – Anticancer Potential
  • – Promotes Gastrointestinal Health
  • – Helps with Gingivitis
  • – Helps with Diabetes
  • – Aids with Arthritis
  • – Cardiovascular Protective Agent
  • – Respiratory Protective Agent
  • – Anti-nausea Agent
  • – Anti-obesity Agent


Health Benefits of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) found in Clinical Trials and Scientific Studies

Boosts Immunity

In times like these, we know that our body’s increased natural immunity is the most coveted goal. Human race has encountered various types of viruses in the last few decades, such as, common cold, flu, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles, hepatitis, herpes and cold sores, polio, rabies, SARS and Ebola. A vaccine works by training our body’s immune system to recognize and combat foreign pathogens, either viruses or bacteria. This is accomplished by introducing certain molecules (antigens) from the foreign pathogens into the body to trigger the required immune response. Vaccines against pathogens take years to be developed in research laboratories and tested in clinical trials.

Wouldn’t it be prudent to enhance our natural immune system with healthy foods, good nutrition, beneficial herbs, exercise, yoga and meditation? Ginger has been used extensively in Ayurveda as natural immunity boosting ingredient, and also found beneficial in several scientific studies. Bhat et al. (2010) investigated the effect of a tea fortified with five herbs including ginger for their putative immuno enhancing effect on innate immunity. These were two independent double-blind intervention studies with healthy volunteers (age >or= 55 years) selected for a relatively low baseline natural killer (NK) cell activity and a history of recurrent coughs and colds. These studies indicated that regular consumption of the tea fortified with Ayurvedic herbs enhanced NK cell activity.


Anti-inflammatory agent

Various scientific investigations have shown that oxidative stress and inflammation inside human body may onset various diseases, such as, hypertension, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), and atherosclerosis. Several studies have indicated that ginger may be beneficial to reduce the level of oxidative stress and inflammation and thereby may reduce muscle pain after intense physical activity. In a double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized experiments with 34 and 40 volunteers who consumed 2 grams of either raw or heated ginger or placebo for 11 consecutive days, Black et al. (2010) studied ginger’s effectiveness as a pain reliever. This study demonstrated that daily consumption of raw and heat-treated ginger resulted in moderate-to-large reductions in muscle pain following exercise-induced muscle injury.


Anti-oxidant agent

Increased free radical levels within body cause oxidative damage to biological molecules, including DNA, protein, and carbohydrates. This ongoing oxidative stress within body affects normal cell signaling, cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis and leads to various diseases. Kulkarni et al. (2016) explored the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect of ginger in pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) patients in a randomized and placebo-controlled study. Ginger was found to be effective as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant supplement along with anti-TB therapy as it possesses strong free radical scavenging property.


Anticancer potential

Several herbs, including ginger, have been studied as an anti-cancer natural agent due to their anti-oxidant effects. In an animal model study, Habib et al. (2008) found that ginger extract significantly reduced the elevated expression of NFkappaB and TNF-alpha in rats with liver cancer. The investigators of this study concluded that ginger may act as an anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agent by inactivating NFkappaB through the suppression of the pro-inflammatory TNF-alpha.


Promotes Gastrointestinal health

Emrani (2016) studied the potential benefits of ginger in preventing anti-tuberculosis drug-induced gastrointestinal adverse reactions including hepatotoxicity. Patients’ gastrointestinal complaints (nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, and abdominal pain) were recorded during the study period. The investigators concluded that ginger may be a potential option for prevention of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced gastrointestinal adverse reactions including hepatotoxicity.


Helps with Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a highly prevalent periodontal disease resulting from microbial infection and subsequent inflammation. Mahyari et al. (2016) investigated the efficacy of a poly-herbal mouthwash containing ginger extract in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial including subjects with gingivitis. This poly-herbal mouthwash was effective in the treatment of gingivitis and its efficacy was comparable to that of chlorhexidine mouthwash.


Helps with Diabetes

Arablou et al. (2014) assessed the effect of ginger consumption on glycemic status, lipid profile and some inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 70 type 2 diabetic patients. This study found that ginger reduced fasting plasma glucose, HbA1C, insulin, HOMA, triglyceride, total cholesterol, CRP and PGE₂ significantly compared with placebo group (p < 0.05).  Ginger also improved insulin sensitivity and some fractions of lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients.


Aids with Arthritis

Altman et al. (2001) evaluated the efficacy and safety of a standardized and highly concentrated extract of 2 ginger species, Zingiber officinale and Alpinia galanga (EV.EXT 77), in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group, 6-week study. In the 247 evaluable patients, the percentage of responders experiencing a reduction in knee pain on standing was superior in the ginger extract group compared with the control group. The investigators concluded that a highly purified and standardized ginger extract had a statistically significant effect on reducing symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee.


So how can I consume Ginger to boost my immunity?

Ginger is widely used as a spice throughout the world, added as ingredient in cooking for various cuisine types, such as, Indian, Korean, Japanese, etc. Ginger is also used to make candies, soda, pickles, tea and alcoholic beverages. The juice from ginger roots is also used for flavoring dishes such as seafood, meat, and vegetarian dishes. Ginger roots are also dried and their powder is used as a flavoring agent to make ginger cookies, ginger bread, crackers and cakes, ginger ale, and ginger beer. Ginger root is cooked in sugar until soft to make ginger candies and sold as a confectionery food item in various stores.

Ginger Cookies Ginger Tea Ginger Candies



Jyoti Bhat, Aparna Damle, Pankaj Vaishnav, Ruud Albers, Manoj Joshi, Gautam Banerjee (2010) In Vivo Enhancement of Natural Killer Cell Activity Through Tea Fortified With Ayurvedic Herbs. Phytother Res. 2010 Jan;24(1):129-35. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2889.

Saman Mahyari, Behnam Mahyari, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Bizhan Malaekeh-Nikouei, Seyedeh Pardis Jahanbakhsh, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour (2016) Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Polyherbal Mouthwash Containing Zingiber Officinale, Rosmarinus Officinalis and Calendula Officinalis Extracts in Patients With Gingivitis: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Feb;22:93-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2015.12.001. Epub 2015 Dec 10.

Tahereh Arablou, Naheed Aryaeian, Majid Valizadeh, Faranak Sharifi, AghaFatemeh Hosseini, Mahmoud Djalali (2014) The Effect of Ginger Consumption on Glycemic Status, Lipid Profile and Some Inflammatory Markers in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2014 Jun;65(4):515-20. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2014.880671. Epub 2014 Feb 4.

Christopher D Black, Matthew P Herring, David J Hurley, Patrick J O’Connor (2010) Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Reduces Muscle Pain Caused by Eccentric Exercise. J Pain. 2010 Sep;11(9):894-903. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2009.12.013. Epub 2010 Apr 24.

Rashmi Anant Kulkarni, Ajit Ramesh Deshpande (2016) Anti-inflammatory and Antioxidant Effect of Ginger in Tuberculosis. J Complement Integr Med. 2016 Jun 1;13(2):201-6. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2015-0032.

Shafina Hanim Mohd Habib, Suzana Makpol, Noor Aini Abdul Hamid, Srijit Das, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah, Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof (2008) Ginger Extract (Zingiber Officinale) Has Anti-Cancer and Anti-Inflammatory Effects on Ethionine-Induced Hepatoma Rats. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2008 Dec;63(6):807-13. doi: 10.1590/s1807-59322008000600017.

Zahra Emrani, Esphandiar Shojaei, Hossein Khalili (2016) Ginger for Prevention of Antituberculosis-induced Gastrointestinal Adverse Reactions Including Hepatotoxicity: A Randomized Pilot Clinical Trial. Phytother Res. 2016 Jun;30(6):1003-9. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5607. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

R D Altman, K C Marcussen (2001) Effects of a Ginger Extract on Knee Pain in Patients With Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Nov;44(11):2531-8. doi: 10.1002/1529-0131(200111)44:11<2531::aid-art433>;2-j.

How Diet And Lifestyle Changes Can Help You Improve Memory


Most people have this notion that memory will fail or reduce in old age, but it’s not necessarily true. If your friends or family begin to question your memory or the ability to remember events of the past, you may find yourself in a challenging situation. Having confidence and a positive attitude in your abilities to remember things, events, names, situations, appointments, etc.  Try the nutrition and lifestyle tips below to keep your memory and brain health in tip-top shape.


Health and Nutrition Tips To Improve Memory

A well-nourished body will lead to a healthy and sharp brain, and vice-versa. Take care of your physical health first to help your brain health. Follow all the nutrition guidelines. That is, eat lots of green leafy vegetables as they are rich in vitamins and minerals, orange yellow fruits as they are rich in carotenoids and anti-oxidants, and whole grains as they are contain more fiber. Also, drink a plenty of water, up to 6 to 8 glasses per day. On the other hand, you should limit the amount of saturated fat, however ramp up on fish consumption or omega-3 supplements.
You want to make sure you are getting enough omega-3’s as healthy fats in your daily diet, which are essential to support brain health. Good sources for omega-3’s are salmon, flaxseed, or simply a fish oil supplement readily available in health food stores.
Dark chocolate may help improve brain functions. Dark chocolate consumed in moderation may not make you gain weight, but it helps force the brain to release dopamine which improves brain functionality and memory capacity. But very important, eat dark chocolates in moderation.
Red wine, in general considered good for heart health, may also help with brain health when consumed in moderation. Red wines are the rich in resveratrol, an antioxidant found in foods such as grapes. Several studies have suggested that drinking red wine may help slow down age-related cognitive decline. Important thing to consider here is to drink red wine in moderation only for health benefits.

Lifestyle Tips To Improve Memory

When it comes to a good working memory, believe it or not sleep is considered a vital factor. The reason being memory consolidation occurs while we are sleeping, which is the process by which neural links imprint acquired information onto the brain cells. Memory consolidation affects recent and past information acquired a long time back.
If you find yourself not being able to remember day to day but important things, you might consider leaving a voice message to yourself on your cell phone. Another effective way could be setting up reminders that are offered by most cell phone calendar apps. These reminders popping up as automatic notification on your cell phone will remind you of important thing to do.
One of the most crucial daily activity that you would need to do to keep your memory sharp is to play brain games, such as puzzles and logic games. Studies indicate that these brain games may help improve attention span, mental flexibility, concentration and memory and may even help with the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. Ideal recommendation to play brain games is at least 15 minutes each day. But when these games become fun for you, we bet you will be playing them well over 15 minutes. So choose the games that you like, such as, chess, puzzles, crossword, etc.

Have You Considered Amla To Improve Your Overall Health In Addition To Boost Immunity?


Phyllanthus emblica commonly known as Indian Gooseberry or Amla, family Euphorbiaceae, is an important fruit plant used widely in India’s ancient Ayurvedic medicinal system. Amla plant is used both for its medicinal properties and as a tonic to build up on vitality and vigor. Amla is highly nutritious and an important dietary source of vitamin C, minerals, and amino acids. The plant also contains phenolic compounds, tannins, phyllembelic acid, phyllembelin, rutin, curcum-inoids, and emblicol.

Amla is very well known in India for its high vitamin C content. Research has shown that Amla contains 20 times more vitamin C as compared to orange. 100 grams of Amla fruit may contain up to 800 mg of vitamin C, which is more than any critic fruit. Amla is actually quite useful in the treatment of human scurvy caused due to the deficiency of vitamin C. Vitamin C is a very potent antioxidant that can prevent or slow damage to cells caused by free radicals, unstable molecules that the body produces as a reaction to environmental and other pressures. Vitamin C also helps boost body’s immune response.


Medicinal Parts of Amla

Medicinal parts of Amla plant are fruits, seeds, flowers, leaves and bark. Fresh fruit pulp is used in different Ayurvedic preparations. Dried rind of fruits is grounded to make powder and used as Amla Powder (traditionally called Amla Churna). All parts of Amla plant have medicinal properties, especially the fruit. In Ayurveda science, Amla fruit is used in the management of diabetes, asthma, anemia, hyperacidity, peptic ulcers, skin diseases, intermittent fever, diarrhea and dysentery. Amla seeds are used for the management of bronchitis and asthma. Amla flowers are refrigerant, cooling and are used to relieve constipation.



Summary of Health Benefits of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)
– Prevention of Skin Weakening
– Helps with Atherosclerosis
– Improvement of Oral Hygiene
– Helps with Heartburn
– Helps with Lipid Lowering among Diabetics
– Potent Anti-oxidant
– Anti-inflammatory Agent
– Anti-cancer Agent
– Aids with Digestion and Bloating
– Reduce Menstrual Cramps
– Increases Hair Growth
– Increase Urination and Eliminates Toxins
– Increase Immunity against Infections


Health Benefits of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica) found in Clinical Trials and Scientific Studies

Prevention of Skin Weakening

A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study including 99 healthy female subjects examined the effect of ingestion of Lingonberry and Amla fruit extract (LAE) on several human skin conditions (Uchiyama et al. 2019). This study found improvements in skin elasticity and thickness, as well as in the stratum corneum water content and the degree of wrinkles.

Helps with Atherosclerosis

Endothelial dysfunction (ED) has been observed in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and contributes to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Usharani et al. (2019) found that Amla aqueous extract 500 mg twice daily significantly improved endothelial function, oxidative stress, systemic inflammation and lipid profile.

Dyslipidemia is one of the most frequently implicated risk factors for development of atherosclerosis. Upadya et al. (2019) found that Amla extract (500 mg) showed significant potential in reducing total cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as lipid ratios among 98 dyslipidemic patients .

Improvement of Oral Hygiene

Gao et al. (2018) studied Amla fruit extract for improving the effects on the imbalance of oral ecology, which may contribute to series of oral diseases. In this study, an examiner-blinded, randomized, and gum-base-controlled crossover manner was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a sugar-free chewing gum containing Amla fruit extract in changing the oral microbiome among twenty healthy young adults. The investigators concluded that chewing Amla (PE) gum might be a safe means of improving oral hygiene.

Helps with Heartburn

Karkon et al. (2018) evaluated the safety and efficacy of Amla tablet for improvement of symptoms of patients with Gastroesophageal reflux disease in a double-arm, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial among sixty-eight patients who received 500 mg Amla tablets twice a day.  This clinical trial demonstrated that Amla could reduce frequencies of heartburn and regurgitation and improve heartburn and regurgitation severity in patients with Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Helps with Lipid Lowering among Diabetics

Akhtar et al. (2011) evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic and lipid-lowering properties of Amla fruit in normal and diabetic human volunteers. The results indicated that diabetic subjects exhibited a significant decrease in total lipids on day 21.

Potent Anti-oxidant

A study by Chen et al. (2009) suggests that Amla supplementation may increase plasma antioxidant power and decrease oxidative stress in uremic patients.


Muthu et al. (2018) investigated the protective effects of Amla on the pathogenesis of oxidative stress (OS) and inflammatory response in hypothyroid rats. The study found that Amla improves hepatic and renal oxidative stress and the inflammatory response in hypothyroid female wistar rats fed with a high-fat diet.


A review study conducted by Yadav at el. (2017) analyzed and summarized the pharmacological actions, experimental studies and clinical trials of Amla with emphasis on its immuno-enhancer, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities and possible mechanism of actions to provide future directions in translating these findings clinically.

Zhao et al. (2015) provide a brief overview of the evidence supporting anticancer activity of Indian Gooseberry extracts, suggest possible mechanisms for these actions, and provide future directions that might be taken to translate these findings clinically.


Additional Benefits of Amla

Amla has also been seen to aids digestion and bloating; reduce menstrual cramps; increases hair growth; increase urination and eliminates toxins; and increase immunity against infections.


So how can I consume Amla to improve my health?

Although it might be difficult to eat raw Amla fruit due to its high vitamin C content, there are so many ways to relish this fruit and enjoy its benefits mentioned above. Amla fruit is commonly pickled with salt, oil, and spices. Most commonly, people of India make Amla marmalade (commonly called Amla Murabbah), a sweet dish made by soaking the berries in sugar syrup until they are candied. This is traditionally consumed after meals as dessert. Other way to consume Amla is by mixing its powder into water and making a delicious drink (add salt and/or sugar as desired).

Amla Pickle Amla Marmalade Amla Drink



Uchiyama T, Tsunenaga M, Miyanaga M, Ueda O, Ogo M. (2019) Oral intake of lingonberry and amla fruit extract improves skin conditions in healthy female subjects: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2019 Sep;66(5):870-879. doi: 10.1002/bab.1800. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

Usharani P, Merugu PL, Nutalapati C. (2019) Evaluation of the effects of a standardized aqueous extract of Phyllanthus emblica fruits on endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, systemic inflammation and lipid profile in subjects with metabolic syndrome: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled clinical study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019 May 6;19(1):97. doi: 10.1186/s12906-019-2509-5.

Upadya H, Prabhu S, Prasad A, Subramanian D, Gupta S, Goel A. (2019) A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of Emblica officinalis extract in patients with dyslipidemia. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019 Jan 22;19(1):27. doi: 10.1186/s12906-019-2430-y.

Gao Q, Li X, Huang H, Guan Y, Mi Q, Yao J (2018) The Efficacy of a Chewing Gum Containing Phyllanthus emblica Fruit Extract in Improving Oral Health. Curr Microbiol. 2018 May;75(5):604-610. doi: 10.1007/s00284-017-1423-7. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Karkon Varnosfaderani S, Hashem-Dabaghian F, Amin G, Bozorgi M, Heydarirad G, Nazem E, Nasiri Toosi M, Mosavat SH (2018) Efficacy and safety of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica L.) in non-erosive reflux disease: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Integr Med. 2018 Mar;16(2):126-131. doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2018.02.008. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Akhtar MS, Ramzan A, Ali A, Ahmad M. (2011) Effect of Amla fruit (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) on blood glucose and lipid profile of normal subjects and type 2 diabetic patients. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2011 Sep;62(6):609-16. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2011.560565. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

Chen TS, Liou SY, Chang YL. (2009) Supplementation of Emblica officinalis (Amla) extract reduces oxidative stress in uremic patients. Am J Chin Med. 2009;37(1):19-25.

Muthu PR, Bobby Z, Sankar P, Vickneshwaran V, Jacob SE. (2018) Amla (Emblica officinalis) improves hepatic and renal oxidative stress and the inflammatory response in hypothyroid female wistar rats fed with a high-fat diet. J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2018 Mar 28;29(2):175-184. doi: 10.1515/jbcpp-2017-0116.

Zhao T, Sun Q, Marques M, Witcher M. (2015) Anticancer Properties of Phyllanthus emblica (Indian Gooseberry). Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2015;2015:950890. doi: 10.1155/2015/950890. Epub 2015 Jun 9.

Yadav SS, Singh MK, Singh PK, Kumar V. (2017) Traditional knowledge to clinical trials: A review on therapeutic actions of Emblica officinalis. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Sep;93:1292-1302. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2017.07.065. Epub 2017 Jul 23.

Immunity Booster Drink during Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: All Natural Home Made Ayurveda Recipe

In this short video, we are going to show you how you can make an effective and delicious immunity booster drink in just 10 simple steps. This is an all natural and homemade Ayurveda recipe. You can find all its ingredients in your local grocery store. So let’s watch and learn.

Below is the simple 10-step recipe for Immunity Booster Ayurveda drink shown in the video above.

Step 1

Fill up a medium sauce pan with water, all the way to the top.

Step 2

We are going to need cloves. Cloves contain high amounts of antioxidants, which help the immune system in fighting off oxidative damage and free radicals. But the main ingredient that makes cloves very powerful for increasing immunity, is the substance eugenol, which is also what gives cloves their distinctive odor. Eugenol has been proven effective against many harmful bacteria and viruses and also is effective in fighting funguses.

Step 3

We are going to need black peppers seeds. Black peppers have been found to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, which could help fight rogue cancer cells as well as boost the immune system.

Step 4

We are going to need ginger roots. Ginger contains gingerols, paradols, sesquiterpenes, shogaols, and zingerone, all of which have powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Due to its strong anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects, ginger may boost immune health.

Step 5

We are going to boil cloves, black peppers, and ginger in the medium sauce pan full with water. Add 20 cloves, 20 black pepper seeds, and about two table spoons of ginger roots cut in small pieces into the water. Boil the water to full heat and bring it to full boil.

Step 6

Add a couple of cinnamon sticks to the boiling water. Cinnamon is loaded with powerful antioxidants, such as polyphenols. Cinnamon has anti-inflammatory properties. It helps your body fight infections and repair tissue damage.

Step 7

Add a few basil leaves to the boiling water. Basil contains disease-fighting antioxidants and antibacterial properties. Basil acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and contains antimicrobial properties that fight viruses and infections.

Step 8

Add a couple of lemon slices to the boiling water. Lemons are high in vitamin C, a natural antioxidant, which enhances the immune system. Lemon also has antiviral and antibacterial properties.

Step 9

This is an optional step. Add a few honey drops to the boiling water. Honey’s antioxidant and antibacterial properties help improve the digestive system and boost immunity. However, if you are diabetic, you can skip adding honey. Your drink already has great immunity boosting ingredients.

Step 10

Boil all the added ingredients to full heat until the water level goes down to half the original level. You will notice that the water color has changed to golden brown.


Information provided in this video should not be taken as medical advice for Coronavirus or any other medical condition. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. We do not claim to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or medical condition. In case of symptoms, you should consult your primary care physician or health care provider.